The total withdrawal of U.S. and coalition forces depends on the Taliban`s guarantee that Afghan territory will not be used by terrorists to attack the United States or its allies, according to a copy of the agreement released by the State Department at the signing. On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, officially titled the “Afghanistan Peace Agreement.”  The provisions of the agreement include the withdrawal of all U.S. and NATO troops from Afghanistan, a Taliban promise to prevent Al Qaeda from operating in as-controlled areas and talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government.  The United States has agreed to reduce its initial level from 13,000 to 8,600 by July 2020, followed by a total withdrawal within 14 months if the Taliban meet their commitments.  The United States also committed to closing five military bases within 135 days and announced its intention to end economic sanctions against the Taliban by August 27, 2020.  After leading all U.S. and NATO troops in Afghanistan from 2011 to 2013, I have my own perspective on this agreement based on practical and lived experience. As I have said publicly, the Taliban are not trustworthy; their teaching is incompatible with modernity and women`s rights; and, in practice, they are not in a position to invoke the internal controls and organizational discipline necessary to implement a distant agreement like this. Not only does the Taliban not respect the so-called peace agreement in Afghanistan, but it will not bring peace.
On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Afghan Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, to end the long war in Afghanistan. The agreement contains much of the same terms that were agreed in September 2019, but were cut by President Trump. Essentially, this agreement requires the withdrawal of U.S. forces and the Afghan coalition in exchange for a promise that the Taliban would not allow terrorist groups to operate on Afghan soil. However, the agreement is based on several assumptions that will make its success problematic. This agreement requires an Afghan government operating in Kabul, with which it will be possible to negotiate. The recent Afghan presidential elections have not upset those responsible, but the waters. The failure of the presidential election took place last September, but the vote counting process was so confusing and controversial that the winner was not announced until 18 February 2020, almost five months after the election. The erroneous and controversial elections led to a controversial and divided government in Kabul, which led to a deadlock over those responsible and made it difficult to implement the next stage of the peace agreement. As a result, the Taliban, with a weak or divided government in Kabul, will be in a stronger position to dictate the terms of an agreement on the future of Afghanistan that would be favourable to their position.